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Chiropractic Journal of Australia : CJA December 2013
148 Chiropractic Journal of Australia Volume 43 Number 4 December 2013 POLITICAL EVENTS British House of Commons accepted Home-Rule for Ireland on 16 January, but on 30 January the House of Lords rejected Irish Home Rule Bill.45 Sung Chiao-jen was a Chinese republican revolutionary, political leader and a founder of the Kuomintang (KMT). He was assassinated on 22 March 1913 after leading his Kuomintang party to victory in China’s frst democratic elections. Evidence strongly implied that China's provisional president, Yuan Shikai, was responsible for his assassination.46 On 26 April Sun Yet San called for revolt against President Yuan Shikai. As King George I of Greece approached the fiftieth anniversary of his accession, he made plans to abdicate in favour of his son Constantine immediately after the jubilee celebrations in October 1913. Just as he did in Athens, the King went about Thessaloniki without any meaningful protection force. While out on an afternoon walk near the White Tower on 18 March 1913, he was shot at close range in the back by Alexandros Schinas, who was "said to belong to a Socialist organization." 47 On 13 February 1913 the Mexican Revolution began the episode known as La Decena Trágica, the rebellion of some military chiefs against the President Francisco I. Madero who was assassinated on 22 February together with Vice President José María Pino Suárez. They were succeeded by General Victoriano Huerta.20 SUFFRAGISTS Suffragette dies - throws herself in front of the King's Horse. The suffragette movement, demanding the vote for women, had by 1913 become more radicalised. Emily Davison was to become the movement's greatest martyr. Davison's own early life encapsulated the inequalities of the age. A brilliant scholar who attended St Hugh's College in Oxford, funded by her own work as a teacher, she achieved marks in her fnal exams that would have seen a male student awarded a frst class degree - but being a woman, at that time not admitted to degrees at Oxford, she received no such qualifcation. She joined the suffragette movement - The Women's Social and Political Union - in 1906, and soon decided on a more militant course than many of her colleagues. In her brief career as a militant suffragette Davison was imprisoned several times. On 5 June 1913 she ran out during the running of the Derby in front of the Kings horse Anmer at Tattenham Corner, carrying suffragette fags. She was badly injured, the jockey Herbert Jones was concussed. A newspaper report of the day states "The King made immediate enquiries regarding his jockey.” Davison was rushed to Epsom Cottage Hospital by car, accompanied by a police constable, and early on it looked as if she might recover, her skull being found not to have been fractured. But she died on June 8 1913. Emily Davison was honoured by her fellow suffragettes, and she was given two funeral services, one in London and one in Morpeth , where her grave at the church of St Mary the Virgin bears the WSPU slogan "Deeds not Words," a motto by which she lived and died.49 The Woman Suffrage Parade of 1913 was a march down Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, D.C. on March 3, 1913, organized by the suffragist Alice Paul for the National American Woman Suffrage Association. The march was scheduled on the day before President Woodrow Wilson's inauguration to "march in a spirit of protest against the present political organization of society, from which women are THE YEAR THAT WAS 1913 PETERS
CJA September 2013