by clicking the arrows at the side of the page, or by using the toolbar.
by clicking anywhere on the page.
by dragging the page around when zoomed in.
by clicking anywhere on the page when zoomed in.
web sites or send emails by clicking on hyperlinks.
Email this page to a friend
Search this issue
Index - jump to page or section
Archive - view past issues
Chiropractic Journal of Australia : CJA December 2012
148 Chiropractic Journal of Australia Volume 42 Number 4 December 2012 Japan's Meiji emperor Mutsuhito died 30 July at the age of 60 years after a 45-year reign that had restored imperial power. He was succeeded by his 33-year old son Yoshihito, who would reign as the Taisho emperor until 1926, a period that saw Japan emerge as a world power.1 RELIGION Mayo Clinic researchers examined the association between religious involvement and spirituality, and physical health, mental health, health-related quality of life, and other health outcomes. The authors reported that: “Most studies have shown that religious involvement and spirituality are associated with better health outcomes, including greater longevity, coping skills, and health-related quality of life (even during terminal illness) and less anxiety, depression and suicide.” 23 The Islamic reform movement Muhammadiyah was founded in the Dutch East Indies in May with the intention of returning to the precepts of the Koran and giving up the four different schools of interpreting Islamic law on the premise that they were unsuited to modern society. Jogjakarta-born Javanese merchant Kijai Hadji Ahmad Dachlan had made a pilgrimage to Mecca a decade earlier and had become active in efforts to reform not only Islamic rituals but basic laws. Modelling itself on those of Christian missionary societies, his program emphasised education and social work.1 In 1912, Abdu'l-Baha, the son of the founder of the Baha'i Faith and the leader of the Baha'i Faith at that time, travelled across America with an inspiring message of America's spiritual destiny: to lead the way toward world peace, advance women's rights, abolish racism, and moderate extremes of wealth and poverty. Adorned with fowing robes and a full white beard, this “Prophet of Peace” travelled to ffty U.S. and Canadian cities, gave 140 public presentations and addressed 93,000 people, from leaders of government and industry to servants and the homeless. In his addresses, Abdu'l-Baha warned of impending war, decried outmoded prejudices and hatreds, and outlined America's potential to lead the way toward a just and peaceful world. To achieve this destiny, He called for America to advance spiritually as well as materially and to abolish racial prejudices, empower women as equals, recognise the unity of religion and the harmony of science and religion, and limit the extremes of poverty and wealth. His Prayer for America expressed a galvanising vision of our spiritual destiny.24 On 1 May 1912 Abdu'l-Baha laid the cornerstone for the Baha'i House of Worship in Wilmette, Illinois.13 SCIENCE German physicist Max von Laue and two of his students at the University of Zürich conducted experiments that verifed the theory that if an X-ray beam is passed through a crystal, the resulting diffraction would form a pattern on a photographic plate at a right angle to the direction of the ray, and this pattern would mark out the symmetrical arrangements of the atom of the crystal. This discovery enabled scientists to study the structure of crystals and marked the beginning of solid state physics, which proved essential to the development of modern electronics.1 SPORT The 1912 Summer Olympics, offcially known as the Games of the V Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event held in Stockholm, Sweden, between 5 May and 27 July 1912. Twenty-eight nations and 2,408 competitors, including 48 women, competed in 102 events in 14 sports. It was the last to issue solid gold medals. The games were the frst to have art competitions, and the frst to feature women's diving, women's swimming and the decathlon and pentathlon. Electric timing was introduced in athletics, while the host country disallowed boxing. A winter sports week featuring fgure skating was rejected by organizers because they wanted to promote the Nordic Games. The United States won the most gold medals (25), while Sweden won the most medals (65) overall. American Jim Thorpe won the pentathlon and the newly created decathlon. He was disqualifed because of violation of the rules of amateurism, even though these rules were applied inconsistently at the time. After evidence concerning these inconsistencies was presented to the International Olympic Committee, the IOC decided in 1982 to posthumously reinstate Thorpe's name as the true winner of the contests he had won, and to present his heirs with duplicate medals. Future World War II General George S. Patton took part in the frst modern pentathlon competition. Modern pentathlon was the idea of Pierre de Coubertin. Kanakuri Shizō, a Japanese marathon runner went missing during the race. He lost consciousness during the race due to the heat and was cared for by a farming family. He returned to Japan without notifying race offcials. He completed the race 50 years later with a (unoffcial) time of 54 years, 8 months, 6 days, 8 hours, 32 minutes and 20.3 seconds. 28 nations competed in Stockholm, and for the frst time they included the frst Asian country, Japan, and the frst Arab and African country, Egypt.25 Noteworthy, too, was the great Hawaiian Duke Paoa Kahanamoku, who won the 100m freestyle with his pioneering front crawl style. It was the frst of three Olympics Kahanamoku would compete in before going on to be a flm star and becoming an early surfng icon.26 SUFFRAGISTS London police arrested English suffragists Emmeline Pankhurst and Emmeline and Frederick Pethick-Lawrence in early March following demonstrations. Pankhurst and two others had broken the windows of Prime Minister Asquith's residence at 10 Downing Street after leaving a note for him. Annie Kenney took over the Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU) for 2 months while Pankhurst and the Pethick- Lawrences were in Holloway Gaol. Christabel Pankhurst had not been allowed to practice law and was joined by her mother in repudiating the Pethick-Lawrences after their release. The Pankhursts joined the United Suffragists, and Emmeline Pethick-Lawrence travelled to America to support U.S. suffragists.1 A New York suffrage parade marched up Fifth Avenue from Washington Square beginning at sundown May 4. The THE YEAR THAT WAS 1912 PETERS
CJA September 2012
CJA March 2013