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Chiropractic Journal of Australia : CJA June 2012
50 Chiropractic Journal of Australia Volume 42 Number 2 June 2012 -- tender loving care -- that implies solicitude and availability remains a strong value in clinical practice. Patients say: (elegant!) “Thank you for listening to me,” “Thank you for all that you do;” or (encouraging!) “Thanks to you, I am no longer the one who is getting old;” or (exaggerated!) “If I had not met you I would have committed suicide.” They decide what is appropriate for them and express their own appreciation of quality of care. Regardless of highly technical health care or proclaimed holism, what matters is patients’ experience. Eventually, each of us is the guardian of health, of life and death. Health is the rapport of human beings to their own lives. Disease is also illness, sickness and suffering. As a transforming experience they impregnate lifestyles and worldviews. Whatever the severity, they are ominous; they harbinger loss of autonomy and limitations of human life. Holism is a creative endeavour. It should be reinvented according to changing circumstances. As the continuous elaboration of control over one’s own life, it is freedom. Philosopher Jean-Pierre Dupuy perceives health as the autonomous capacity, nurtured by culture and tradition, to cope with suffering and death, and more generally with human finitude, while bestowing them meaningful and historical perspectives.37 Of course, this does not exempt health professionals from their responsibilities. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Sincere thanks to Dr Rolf E. Peters and to the other reviewers of this manuscript. REFERENCES 1. Coulter I. Chiropractic. A Philosophy for Alternative Health Care. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann, 1999. p. 77. 2. Williams EA. The physical and the moral. Anthropology, physiol- ogy, and philosophical medicine in France, 1750-1850. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994. p. 8. 3. Bernard C. Introduction à l’étude de la médecine expérimentale. Paris: Flammarion, 1984 (1865). 4. Smuts JC. Holism and Evolution. Cape Town: N & S Press, 1987 (1926). 5. Smuts JC.4 p. 99. 6. Smuts JC. 4 p. 103. 7. Smuts JC.4 p. 106. 8. Bertalanffy KL. Robots, Men and Minds, Psychology in the Modern World. New York: George Braziller, 1967. p. 69. 9. Bertalanffy KL.8 p. 62. 10. Bertalanffy KL.8 p. 70. 11. Laplantine F. Anthropologie de la maladie. Paris: Payot, 1986. 12. Lock M. Culture politique et vécu du vieillissement des femmes au Japon et en Amérique. Sociologie et sociétés 1996; XXVI- II:2,119-40. 13. Illich I. Body History. The Lancet. 1986; 1325-7. 14. Jolliot C. Les notions de force vitale et d’énergie. Permanence cul- turelle, nécessité conceptuelle. Paris: Editions L’Harmattan, 2003. 15. Canguilhem G. Le normal et le pathologique. Paris: Presses univer- sitaires de France, 1981 (1966). 16. Palmer DD. The Chiropractor’s Adjuster. The Science, Art and Phi- losophy of Chiropractic. Portland: Printing House Company, 1910. p. 691. 17. Palmer DD. The Chiropractor. Los Angeles: Press of Beacon Light, 1914. p. 11. 18. Palmer BJ. The Subluxation Specifc – The Adjustment Specifc. Davenport, Iowa: Palmer School of Chiropractic, 1934. p. 499. 19. Peters RE, Chance MA. What Early Chiropractors “Treated.” Chiropr J Aust 2005; 35:57-70. 20. Palmer BJ. 18 p. 509. 21. Stephenson RW. Chiropractic Textbook. Davenport, Iowa: Palmer School of Chiropractic, 1948. p. 236. 22. Stephenson RW. 21 p. 269. 23. Maynard JE. Healing Hands. The Story of the Palmer Family, Dis- coverers and Developers of Chiropractic. Mobile, Alabama: Jonorm Publishers, 1977 (1959). pp. 205-6. 24. Janse J. Principles and Practice of Chiropractic, An Anthology. Edited by R.W. Hildebrandt. National College of Chiropractic, 1976. p. 24. 25. Janse J.24 p. 26. 26. Wardwell WI. Chiropractic: History and Evolution of a New Profes- sion. St. Louis: Mosby Year Book, 1992: p. 280. 27. Jamison JR. Chiropractic Holism: Interactively Becoming in a Re- ductionist Health Care System. Chiropr J Aust 1993; 23:98-105. 28. Jolliot C. Chiropractic and Vitalism: A Strange Conceptual Encounter. Chiropr Hist 2005; 25(2):63-7. 29. Pollard HP, Hardy KE, Curtin D. Biopsychosocial Model of Pain and Its Relevance to Chiropractors. Chiropr J Aust 2006; 36:82-91. 30. Proceedings from a conference on Philosophy in Chiropractic Education. World Federation of Chiropractic, in association with the Association of Chiropractic Colleges and the US National Board of Chiropractic Examiners. Fort Lauderdale, Florida; November 10-13, 2000. 31. Brown BT, Bonello R, Pollard H. The biopsychosocial model and hypothyroidism. Chiropractic & Osteopathy 2005; 13:5. Available at www.chiroandosteo.com/content/13/1/5. 32. Breen AC. The Biopsychoscial Model of Healthcare: A Perspective. Proceedings, WFC’s 10th Biennial Congress, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; April 30-May 2, 2009. p. 26. 33. Gatterman IM. The Patient-Centred Paradigm: A Model for Chiroprac- tic Health Promotion and Wellness. Chiropr J Aust 2006; 36:92-6. 34. Illich I. Medical Nemesis. London: Marion Boyars, 1975. 35. Clum GW. The Professional Qualities of the Chiropractor. Chiropr J Aust 2006; 36:106-8. 36. Williams EA.2 p. 4. 37. Dupuy JP. D’Ivan Illich aux nanotechnologies. Études. Février 2007. HOLISM IN HEALTH CARE JOLLIOT
CJA March 2012
CJA September 2012