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Chiropractic Journal of Australia : CJA March 2012
37 Chiropractic Journal of Australia Volume 42 Number 1 March 2012 INFORMATION FOR AUTHORS CJA Appendix 1 STRUCTURED ABSTRACT COMPONENTS ORIGINAL RESEARCH LITERATURE REVIEWS CASE REPORT META-ANALYSIS REPORTS Objective Objective Objective Design Data Sources Clinical Features Setting Study Selection Intervention and Outcomes Patients/Participants Data Extraction Conclusions Intervention Data Synthesis Main Outcome Measure(s) Conclusion Results Conclusion • An originally executed Letter of Transmittal (Form A), and if applicable, Model Release (Form B), Acknowledgement Permission (Form C), permission to reproduce published material, and permission to report sensitive personal information. REFERENCE 1. International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals. http://www.icmje.org, accessed 1 February 2008. All sections of the structured abstract relevant to the type of article must be addressed in clear prose, using complete sentences, keeping in mind that section headings may be removed prior to publication, depending on type of article and editorial policy at the time. Articles containing original data concerning the course (prognosis), cause (aetiology), diagnosis, treatment, prevention or economic analysis of a clinical disorder or an intervention to improve the quality of health care must include a structured abstract of no more than 250 words with the following headings and information: Objective: State the main question or objective of the study and the major hypothesis tested, if any. Design: De scribe the design of the study, indicating, a s appropriate, use of randomisation, blinding criteria, standards for diagnostic tests, temporal direction (retrospective or prospective), and so on. Setting: Indicate the study setting, including the level of clinical care (for example, primary or tertiary, private practice or institutional). Patients, Participants: State selection procedures, entry criteria and numbers of participants entering and fnishing the study. Interventions: Describe the essential feature of any interventions, including the method and duration of administration. Main Outcome Measure(s): The primary outcome measures should be indicated as planned before data collection began. If the hypothesis being reported was formulated during or after data collection, this fact should be clearly stated. Results: Describe measurements that are not evident from the nature of the main results and indicate any blinding. If possible, the results should be accompanied by confdence intervals (most often the 95% interval) and the exact level of statistical signifcance. For comparative studies, confdence intervals should relate to the difference between groups. Absolute values should be indicated when risk changes or effect sizes are given. Conclusions: State only those conclusions that are directly supported by the data, along with their clinical application (avoiding over-generalisation) or where additional study is required before the information should be used in usual clinical settings. Equal emphasis must be given to positive and negative fndings of equal scientifc merit (further details can be obtained from Haynes RB et al. More informative abstracts revisited. Ann Intern Med 1990; 113:69-76). Abstracts for review articles should have the following information: Objectives: State the primary objective of the review article. Data Sources: Describe the data sources that were searched, including dates, terms and constraints. Study Selection: Identify the number of studies reviewed and the criteria used for their selection. Data Extraction: Summarise guidelines used for abstracting data and how they were applied. Data Synthesis: State the main results of the review and the methods used to obtain these results. Conclusions: State primary conclusions and their clinical applications, avoiding over-generalisation. Suggest areas for additional research if needed. Abstracts for case reports should have the following headings and information: Objective: The objective describes what the case report attempts to accomplish. Is it presenting a rare case? Or, perhaps, it is describing an unusual response to treatment. Describe briefy the intent and import of the report. Clinical Features: List the important clinical features of the condition discussed, including important physical fndings, neurological and orthopaedic fndings, radiographic or other imaging results and any other special studies performed. Intervention and Outcome: Describe the type of care rendered to the patient and the ultimate response to therapy. Conclusions: What was learned from the case? What did the author conclude, and what recommendations might be made?
CJA June 2012