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Chiropractic Journal of Australia : CJA March 2012
34 Chiropractic Journal of Australia Volume 42 Number 1 March 2012 INFORMATION FOR AUTHORS CJA 3. The paper for secondary publication is intended for a different group of readers; an abbreviated version could be suffcient. 4. The secondary version reflects faithfully the data and interpretations of the primary version. 5. A footnote on the title page of the secondary version informs readers, peers, and documenting agencies that the paper has been published in whole or in part and states the primary reference. Permission for such secondary publication should be free of charge. Multiple publication other than as defined above is not acceptable; if authors violate this rule they may expect appropriate editorial action to be taken. Protection of Patients' Rights to Privacy Patients have a right to privacy that should not be infringed without informed consent. Identifying information should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, and pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientifc purposes and the patient (or parent or guardian) gives written informed consent for publication. Informed consent for this purpose requires that the patient be shown the manuscript to be published. Identifying details should be omitted if they are not essential, but patient data should never be altered or falsifed in an attempt to attain anonymity. Complete anonymity is diffcult to achieve, and informed consent should be obtained if there is any doubt. For example, masking the eye region in photographs of patients is inadequate protection of anonymity. MANUSCRIPT PREPARATION & SUBMISSION Editors and reviewers spend many hours reading manuscripts and therefore appreciate receiving manuscripts that are easy to read and edit. These instructions to authors are designed to accomplish that goal. General Principles The text of observational and experimental articles is usually (but not necessarily) divided into sections with the headings Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion. This so-called “IMRAD” structure is not simply an arbitrary publication format, but rather a direct refection of the process of scientifc discovery. Long articles need subheadings within some sections (especially the Results and Discussion sections) to clarify their content. Other types of articles, such as case reports, reviews, and editorials, are likely to need other formats. Double-spacing of all portions of the manuscript---including the title page, abstract, text, acknowledgments, references, individual tables, and legends—and generous margins make it possible to review and edit the text line by line, and add comments and queries, directly on the paper copy. During the editorial process reviewers and editors frequently need to refer to specifc portions of the manuscript, which is diffcult unless the pages are numbered. Authors should therefore number all of the pages of the manuscript consecutively, beginning with the title page. Reporting Guidelines for Specifc Study Designs Research reports frequently omit important information. The general requirements listed in the next section relate to reporting essential elements for all study designs. Authors are encouraged in addition to consult reporting guidelines relevant to their specifc research design, e.g., randomised controlled trials, http://www. consort-statement.org; studies of diagnostic accuracy, http://www. consort-statement.org/stardstatement.htm; systematic reviews and meta-analyses, http://www.consort-statement.org/Initiatives/ MOOSE/moose.pdf; observational studies in epidemiology, http:// www.strobe-statement.org; meta-analyses of observational studies in epidemiology, http://www.consort-statement.org/Initiatives/ MOOSE/moose.pdf. Obligation to Register Clinical Trials Clinical trials, i.e., any research project that prospectively assigns human subjects to intervention or concurrent comparison or control groups to study the cause-and-effect relationship between a medical intervention and a health outcome, must be registered in a registry meeting the criteria set out in the ICMJE Uniform Requirements.1 The trial registration number must be included at the end of the abstract as a condition of consideration for publication. Authorship Authorship should be based on 1) substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and 3) fnal approval of the version to be published. Authors should meet conditions 1, 2, and 3. All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship, and all those who qualify should be listed. Each author should have participated suffciently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content. One or more of the listed authors should be identifed as the person(s) who take responsibility for the integrity of the work as a whole, from inception to published article; such author(s) shall be designated as guarantor(s) in the published article. All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgements. Preparation of Manuscript Type your manuscript on ISO A4 (212 x 297mm) or US letter size (8 1/2 by 11 inches) with margins of 25mm (1 inch) using Microsoft Word Times Roman in 12 point. Use double-spacing throughout, including the title page, abstract, text, acknowledgments, references, individual tables, and fgure legends. Number pages consecutively, beginning with the title page. Put the page number in the upper or lower right-hand corner of each page. Title Page The title page should carry the following information: • The title of the article, which should be concise, but include all important information, such as study design, and all information that will make electronic retrieval of the article both sensitive and specifc. • Authors’ names, institutional affliations, highest academic and professional degrees. • If applicable, the name of the department(s) and institution(s) to which the work should be attributed. • Disclaimers, if any. • The name, mailing address, telephone and fax numbers and email address of the author responsible for correspondence about the manuscript. • Source(s) of support in the form of grants, equipment, materials, or all of these. • A short running head of no more than 40 characters (count letters and spaces) at the foot of the title page. Confict of Interest Notifcation To prevent information on potential confict of interest for authors from being overlooked or misplaced, it is necessary for that information to be part of the manuscript. It should therefore be included on a separate numbered page immediately following the title page.
CJA June 2012