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Chiropractic Journal of Australia : CJA March 2012
18 Chiropractic Journal of Australia Volume 42 Number 1 March 2012 This episode was recorded in detail in the Australian Women’s Weekly which seems to have been more of a weekly newspaper at that time.15 The report was also carried in Fountain Head News,16 and fortunately, it carries a printed record of the radiographic flms of the orangutang, although the flms themselves are no longer available. (Figure 3) BJ Palmer suggested in 1944, that “in the early days of chiropractic we maintained a veterinarian hospital where we adjusted the vertebral subluxations of sick cows, horses, cats, dogs, etc." As a step towards researching the feld of animal chiropractic, he states further that "we did this to prove to ourselves that the chiropractic principle and practice DID apply." He then challenges the reader with the question in relation to vertebrates as to whether there is "any difference between functions of humans and animals." 18 The ICA Review notes a brief anecdotal record of a Dr J Hickman adjusting a Pekinese dog which had been diagnosed with a "dislocated back." The owner had been told by a vet that "nothing could be done." Following the single adjustment, "the dog got up and walked away free from pain." 19 Medford reports that the 1954 Palmer School of Chiropractic yearbook carries an illustrated article about research into adjusting quadrupeds in 1952. Kamen recognised him as one of the pioneers of veterinary chiropractic.20 Browning3 cites two papers in 1959 and 1960, although they were not obtained for this paper. The titles however, are of interest. 'Animals provide new chiropractic horizons' by Ward21 and 'Upper cervical for the pony,' by Wong.22 In 1976, Stump and Strobbe observed that the International Veterinary Chiropractic Association had been formed. In noting the political pressures of the day on this developing profession, they stress that due to the impressive clinical results with animal spinal adjustments, that "No valid rational argument remains, in light of today's accomplishments of chiropractic science for agencies and individuals charged with the responsibility of guarding and promoting animal health care, (and) for not exploring the possible value of including such a contribution in ... every state and country." Their foresight was accurate but their aims have been somewhat slow in evolving.23 In the following decades until the 1980’s there were only intermittent published records until more formal courses were established. One course was a 100-hour post-graduate course, initiated by Dr Sharon Willoughby-Blake in 1989. It was initially a 100-hour post-graduate course for both chiropractors and veterinarians. Such courses are now of some 220 hour duration. It is now the College of Animal Chiropractic in Wellsville’ Kansas.24,25 Dr Willoughby-Blake graduated as a veterinarian in 1970, then as a chiropractor in 1986 and established the frst formal course in animal chiropractic in 1989 in Illinois, USA. She shared her philosophy on this topic by stating: "We share a vision that animal chiropractic deserves a place in the animal health care system. We will bear the burdens of the pioneer so that the path will be clearer and straighter for those that follow. We make a commitment to study, to research, to teach and to write so that we will inspire future animal chiropractic professionals. We know that the foundations that we create will infuence animal chiropractic care for generations of animals and humans to come. We understand that our time here is but brief, yet the ultimate truth in chiropractic is universal, enduring and signifcant.” 26 Dr Willoughby-Blake is the author or co-author of at least nine texts published from 1989 to 1998.27 ANIMAL CHIROPRACTIC -- HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE ROME Beatty seems to have been the frst to formalise the vertebral adjustment of animals in a text. The role of chiropractors with vertebrates was highlighted in his 1939 textbook. The section is headed "Adjusting Dumb Animals and Fowl." He describes techniques adjusting small animals such as dogs and cats, but also “horses, sheep, cattle and large hogs.” He also states that “fowl may be adjusted …” 17 Recognition of Beatty’s contribution to veterinary chiropractic is provided by Homewood who describes in more detail some of the techniques used by Beatty, including a sling system for adjusting horses and cows. He also describes chiropractors adjusting the necks of chickens - and once of a canary. Homewood records in some detail the successful resolution of a "...a rather large dog of questionable ancestry, who had been hit by a car, paralysed from about T12, with no bladder or bowel control, and complete anaesthesia of the rear half of the body and extremities." 1 Figure 3. Duplication of original radiographic flms of the orangutang referred to in Figure 2.17 (The accompanying text was that of the original article in the Australian Women's Weekly of 1936.15)
CJA June 2012