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Chiropractic Journal of Australia : December 2011
Chiropractic Journal of Australia Volume 41 Number 4 December 2011 v CMYK EDITOR: Rolf E. Peters, DC, MCSc, FICC, FACC, FPAC ASSISTANT EDITOR: Phillip Ebrall, BAppSc (Chiropr), PhD, FICC, FACC ASSISTANT TO THE EDITOR: Sharyn Eaton, PhD, DC, FICC, FACC ASSOCIATE EDITOR (HISTORY):Stanley P. Bolton,DC, PhC, FICC, FPAC, FACC ChiropraCtiC Journalof australia MAIL: Post Office Box 748 Wagga Wagga 2650 Australia PHONE: National: 02 6922 4466 International: +61 2 6922 4466 FAX: National: 02 6926 2556 International: +61 2 6926 2556 E-MAIL: firstname.lastname@example.org CAA WEB SITE: www.chiropractors.asn.au CAA ABN 50 050 096 038 EDITORIAL BOARD Max N. Birrell, DAppSc (Hon), DT, FAIM, LFRSA (Lond) FACC (Hon) Birrell Management. Australasian Council of Chiropractic Education. Adelaide, South Australia Stanley P. Bolton, DC, PhC, FPAC, FICC, FACC Past Member New South Wales Chiropractors Registration Board Sydney, New South Wales Peter Bryner, DipAppSc(HumBiol), BAppSc(Chiro), GDip(HumServRes) MChiroSc, MACC, CPM Adjunct Associate Professor, Murdoch University Perth, Western Australia Assoc Prof Rod Bonello, BSc, DO, DC,MHA,FICC Department of Chiropractic Macquarie University, New South Wales Peter W. Bull, DC, MAppSc, MIR, FICC, FACC Senior Lecturer Radiological Studies; Director, Postgraduate Studies, Department of Chiropractic, Macquarie University, New South Wales Peter S. Cowie, BAppSc(Chiro), FICC, FACC Private Practice, Sydney, New South Wales Phillip R. Donato, OAM, BAppSc (Chiropractic) CCSP, FICC, FACC Chairman, Chiropractic Board of Australia; Director, Council on Chiropractic Education International Adelaide, South Australia Sharyn Eaton, DC, PhD, FACC, FICC Head, Department of Health and Chiropractic Macquarie University, New South Wales Phillip S. Ebrall, BAppSc(Chiropractic), PhD, FICC, FACC Professor of Chiropractic, CQUniversity, Mackay Adjunct Professor, IMU, Kuala Lumpur Ramon Fernandez-Caamano, MSBA, PhD Consultant Carlingford, New South Wales Meridel E. Gatterman, MA, DC, MEd Past Dean of Chiropractic and Clinical Science, Western States Chiropractic College Florissant, Colorado Lynton G.F. Giles, DC, MSc, PhD Adjunct Professor, Division of Health Science Murdoch University, Western Australia The Chiropractic Journal of Australia (CJA) is a peer-reviewed journal of record dedicated to the advancement of chiropractic science, principles and practice. CJA is the official journal of the Chiropractors’ Association of Australia (National) Limited (CAA) and is published quarterly in March, June, September and December. CJA is a participating member of the Chiropractic Research Journal Editors’ Council and adheres to the stan- dards set by that Council. CJA is fully protected by copyright, and no part may be reprinted, repub- lished, directly or indirectly reproduced by any means, and/or stored in any database retrieval system without prior written permission from the editors, except as permitted under the Copyright Act 1968. Subscriptions are accepted for a complete volume of four issues only and begin with the first (March) issue of the current year unless the forth- coming year is requested. Postpaid personal (single reader) subscription rates for 2010 are AUD$90.00 including GST within Australia, AUD$115 air mailed to other countries. Institutional (multiple reader) rates are AUD$140 including GST within Australia, AUD$155 elsewhere. Rates subject to change. CJA does not hold itself responsible for statements made by any con- tributor. Unless otherwise stated, material published in CJA does not necessarily reflect the attitude or official position of its editors, its editorial board or the CAA. Scott Haldeman, DC, MD, PhD, FRCP (C), FPAC Clinical Professor, Dept of Neurology; Past President North American Spine Society University of California, Irvine, California Prof. Michael Haneline, DC, MPH, DACBR Head of Chiropractic International Medical University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Prof. Jennifer Jamison, MBBCH, PhD, EdD, FACC(hon) Past Professor,of Diagnostic Sciences, RMIT University; Past Professor of Primary Care, Murdoch University, Western Australia John L. Kelly, DC, FACC Former Principal, Sydney College of Chiropractic Bundanoon, New South Wales Prof. A.M. Kleynhans, OAM, BSc, DC, MEd, DTE, FICC, FACC Past Professor of Chiropractic and Head of Department; Principal, Kleynhans Education Consultancy Whittlesea, Victoria Prof. Dana L. Lawrence, DC, MMedEd, MA, FICC Senior Director, Center for Teaching and Learning; Former Editor Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, Palmer College of Chiropractic, Davenport, Iowa Assoc. Prof. Lindsay J. Rowe, MAppSc (Chiropractic)BMed, DACBR, FMSKR, FRANZCR Associate Professor, Radiology University of Newcastle, New South Wales Adj. Prof. John A. Sweaney, DC, FICC, FACC Past President, World Federation of Chiropractic; Independent Chiropractic Consultant Murdoch University, Western Australia Assoc. Prof. Allan G.J. Terrett, DipAppSc(HumBiol), BAppSc(Chiropractic), MAppSc(Chiropractic), GradDip Tert Ed, MACE, FACCS, FICC, FACC School of Health Sciences RMIT University, Victoria Herbert J. Vear, DC, FCCS, Past President, Western States Chiropractic College Ontario, Canada Prof. Glenda Wiese, PhD Special Collection and Archivist, David D. Palmer Health Sciences Library Davenport, Iowa Kenneth J. Young, DC, DACBR, MAppSc (Med Imaging) Senior Lecturer, School of Chiropractic and Sports Science Murdoch University, Western Australia Manuscripts and letters submitted for consideration to publish must conform with CJA Instructions to Authors; to obtain a reprint, send a stamped, (Australian postage) self-addressed 100 x 230 mm envelope to the CJA Editorial Office. This document may also be downloaded from http://www.chiropractors.asn.au. Manuscripts are subject to blind criti- cal review and customary editorial revision to ensure clarity of meaning, correctness of grammar and conformity with CJA style. Letters may be edited for clarity or length. Advertising is subject to editorial review before acceptance for inclusion in any issue of CJA. Acceptance does not imply endorsement. Bromides must be with the editors no later than the first day of the month preceding date of issue. Advertising rates, conditions and mechanical requirements are available on request. CJA is fully indexed by the InfoRMIT, the British Library Complementary Medicine Index, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Lit- erature (CINAHL), MANTIS, and the Index to Chiropractic Literature, and selectively indexed by the Australian Public Affairs Information Service (APAIS). CJA is available in microform from National Archive Publishing Company, www.napubco.com © 2011 Chiropractic Journal of Australia Australian owned Therapeutic Pillow International supplies high quality postural comfort products for your patients. Leaving your clinic with a pillow that complements your treatment. High quality products, at the right price. Not available through bedding & department stores, only you! Exclusive to health professionals. Comfort & support for everybody. Reworkable inserts allow the shape, height, and angle to be changed to suit all physiques. In luxurious Australian made memory foam or premium foam. 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CJA March 2012