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Chiropractic Journal of Australia : December 2011
Chiropractic Journal of Australia Volume 41 Number 4 December 2011 151 THE YEAR THAT WAS 1911 PETERS It seems that Gott was not too successful in his hunt to exterminate chiropractors in the state. At the end of the year 1911 20 members of the UCA were practising in Indiana, and the test case against James E. Meyer ended in a hung jury. No challenge to that decision was made during 1911. H. A. Dykes, Secretary of the Medical Board of Kansas advised County Attorneys that he would start prosecution of all chiropractors in the state.91 Some 14 UCA members were practising in Kansas during 1911, of whom 7 were arrested. Only one, P.W. Johnson, was found guilty during 1911, but an appeal had been lodged. The Michigan State Board and the State MedicalAssociation hired a frm of constitutional lawyers to investigate all laws and statutes of the state affecting chiropractors and a test case was started against a chiropractor, H. M. Barnes of Saulte Ste. Marie to start on 1 June 1911. Whatever the decision of the case might be in terms of guilt it would be appealed to the supreme court.92. Barnes was found not guilty and no appeal was listed during 1911. Perhaps the most harrowing time was experienced by R.E. Mathis, of Texarkana, Arkansas, who endured 5 trials. On the frst arrest the jury could not agree, on the second trial the jury again could not agree. The medical board again called for a third trial, where again he was acquitted. The prosecutor was again not satisfed and Mathis had to face a 4th trial where he was found guilty but on challenge by the UCA team in the 5th trial he was found not guilty. No further challenge was entered OTHER ASSOCIATION The American Chiropractic Association published its frst magazine "The American Drugless Healer" on 1 May 1911, listing its address as 203 Campbell Building, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. The publication Committee consisted of Edward L. Cooley of Enid, Oklahoma, J. Shelby Riley and Albert G. Dennis, both of Oklahoma City.93. EPILOGUE The prosecution of mid-west chiropractors in 1911 was just a prelude to what would happen in the early 1920s in California, where chiropractors chose to go to jail rather than pay a fne and thus created public support. One of these California "Jailbirds" was the Australian Fred Courtney. While in jail he had 24 inmate patients and listed his offce hours as "12 midnight to 12 midnight, City Jail, 4th Floor, Room 116." 89 Prosecution and persecution of chiropractors is still happening today in areas without chiropractic legislation such as South Korea. In this author's living memory he can recall that chiropractors were still sent to jail in New York State, Louisiana where a classmate, E.J. Nosser, was the last "jailbird" in that state and in France, where a dear friend, Pierre-Louis Gaucher-Peslherbe died of cancer just before he could be jailed. In areas where chiropractors are licensed the "Medical War against Chiropractic" still goes on, now by challenging some areas of chiropractic practice. ACKNOWLEGEMENTS The assistance of Professor Glenda Wiese and her staff of the Palmer College Special Collection and of the staff of the Richardson-Sloane Special Collection of the Davenport Public Library are gratefully acknowledged. REFERENCES 1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japan_disaster_2011. 2. . http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1911_Kebin_earthquake. 3. Answers.com/1911. 4. http://www.enotes.com/peoples-chronology/year-1911/commerce. 5. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/42294470/ns/us_news-life. 6. http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/sos/002028-4100-e.html. 7. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Fire_of_1911. 8. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Austin_Dam. 9. http://warnercnr.colostate.edu/avprojects/98proj/afr_haz/web_docs/ afr_tsu2.htm. 10. http://www.volcanolive.com/taal.html. 11. http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/mining/statistics/disall.htm. 12. http://jayssouth.com/alabama/banner. 13. http://en.wikipedia.rg/wiki/Cross_Mountain_Mine_disaster. 14. www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/palackaw/history/pancoast.html. 15. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_shipwrecks_in_1911. 16. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sechelt_(steamboat). 17. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SS_Yongala. 18. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_battleship_Liberté. 19. http://www.enotes.com/peoples-chronology/year-1911. 20. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1911_in_aviation" Categories: 1911 in aviation. 21. Liverpool strike 1911.http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england- merseyside-14529243. 22. Liverpool's bloody Sunday, 1911. http://www.redandwhitekop.com/ forum/index.php.?topic. 23. http://www.enotes.com/peoples-chronology/year-1911/human-rights- social-justice. 24. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northern_Territory. 25. http://www.answers.com/topic/1911#ixzz1M6rFfElp. 26. www.answers.com/library/Science &Technology-cid-5098907. 27. http://www.enotes.com/peoples-chronology/year-1911/human-rights- social-justice. 28. $2.00 per x-ray plate and more: The year that was 1910. Chiropr J Aust 2010; 40:170-9. . 29. Palmer DD. Letter to PW Johnson, Santa Barbara, 4 May 1911. Palmer College Archives. 30. Elliott FW. My impressions of D.D. Palmer. In: Palmer BJ. Fight to climb. Davenport (IA): Chiropractic Fountain Head; 1950. p. 50-1. 31. Palmer D.D. Three generations. Davenport IA: Palmer College of Chiropractic; 1967. p.29. 32. Gielow V. Old dad chiro. Davenport (Iowa) Bawden Brothers,1981: 121. 33. The Printery. Annual announcement from "Chiropractic Fountain Head" 1912. p.56-7.
CJA March 2012