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Chiropractic Journal of Australia : December 2011
144 Chiropractic Journal of Australia Volume 41 Number 4 December 2011 Britain's House of Lords gave up its veto power August 10 under the Parliament Act passed under pressure from Prime Minister Asquith, who threatened to create enough peers to carry the bill, and Britain's House of Commons voted for the frst time to pay its members regular salaries. Each MP was to receive £400 per year under terms of the measure adopted August 10, 6 weeks after the coronation of George V.3 Italy declared war on the Ottoman Turks September 9, landed a force at Tripoli October 5, and occupied other coastal towns. Prime Minister Giovanni Giolitti, 68, had initially resisted the war, but Italian planes bombed an oasis on the Tripoli coast November 1 (the frst offensive use of aircraft).3 A military coup established a new Honduras "banana republic" favourable to the interests of planter Samuel Zemurray, who for the past 6 years had been shipping bananas from lands he had bought along the country's Cuyamel River. Then 34, he loaned former Honduras president Gen. Manuel Bonilla enough money to buy the yacht Hornet, sent him out to the yacht in his own private launch at Biloxi, Miss., with a case of rifes, a machine gun, and ammunition, and provided him with the mercenary services of Guy "Machine Gun" Molony and Lee Christmas. When Bonilla and his cohorts ousted the old Honduras government, Zemurray gained valuable concessions.3 SCIENCE AND MEDICINE Honolulu-born Yale archaeologist Hiram Bingham, 35, discovered the Inca city of Machu-Picchu July 24 at an altitude of 7,972 feet in the Peruvian Andes while searching for the legendary Inca stronghold Vilcabamba. Jungle growth covered the long-deserted city that escaped notice by the Spanish conquistadors, but a local innkeeper had agreed to show Bingham some ruins (granite blocks chiseled from the mountain) in exchange for a silver dollar. Bingham's missionary grandfather developed a written language out of Hawaiian; his missionary father did the same for the language of the Gilbert Islands.3 Marie Curie of France won the Nobel Prize in chemistry for her discovery of radium and polonium.26 SUFFRAGISTS The frst International Women’s Day March 8 produced rallies in Austria, Denmark, Germany, and Switzerland to protest lack of representation by women in trade unions.3 Militant English suffragists continued their campaign to win the vote. "We are here to claim our rights as women, not only to be free, but to fght for freedom,” said Christabel Pankhurst in a speech March 23. Composer Ethel Smyth had joined the movement, dressed in a Norfolk jacket and knickerbockers, smoked a pipe, and heaved a paper- wrapped brick through the ground-foor window of the Home Secretary, an action that sent her for 2 months to Holloway Gaol, where she wrote "The March of the Women"---battle song of the WSPU. Other militants burned the words "Votes For Women" into the turf of golf courses, temporarily ruining greens and fairways to press their point.27 Portuguese women got the vote April 30.27 California women gained suffrage by constitutional amendment.3 The literary magazine Seito (Bluestocking) that began publication in September at Tokyo marked the start of a women's liberation movement launched by feminist Raicho (née Haru) Hiratsuka, 25. Her father helped draft the constitution of 1889 and the civil code that was so heavily weighted against women. Raicho had married a man 5 years her junior but had refused to register the marriage, since that would mean forfeiting all rights to her husband. She had registered her children under her own name and her husband supported her in this, testifying that the children were his and were not illegitimate. The government had insisted that the couple was not legally married, but the issue had been decided in Hiratsuka's favor.3 MISCELLANY Nivea creme had its beginnings at Hamburg, where the 29-year-old German cosmetics firm Beiersdorf AG created a skin moisturizer employing the frst water-soluble emulsifer. Owner Oskar Troplowitz had seen an opportunity to make Eucerit into consumer products that eventually sold worldwide.3 New York’s Ellis Island had a record 1-day infux of 11,745 immigrants April 17. Two steamship companies had more than 5,000 ticket agents in Galicia alone, some Germans bought tickets straight through from Bremen to Bismarck, N.D., and the U.S. population was at least 25 percent foreign- born in nearly every part of the country outside the South.3 F. W. Woolworth Corp. was founded with capitalization of $65 million. The chain grew to have 560 stores in America and Europe; its founder, then 61, determined to build the world's tallest building, and ground was broken November 11 for its construction.3 THE CHIROPRACTIC WORLD IN 1911 THE ADVENTURES OF D.D.PALMER As previously mentioned, D.D. left his D.D. Palmer College in Oregon in 1910 for apparently no known reason. His masterpiece---The Chiropractor's Adjuster: the Science, Art and Philosophy of Chiropractic--- was published in Portland.28 It was not the frst time that he had itchy feet and moved to another location, this time California. On 4 May 1911 he was in Santa Barbara, California, when he wrote to P.W. Johnson, DC, discussing chiropractic and religion.29 Frank W. Elliott, DC, a 1911 Palmer graduate later related: My frst meeting up with D.D. Palmer was at 4200 South Grand Avenue, Los Angeles, California, about May 5, 1911. I had leased an apartment at that address and was establishing myself as a Chiropractor. I had placed a neat little sign on my lawn announcing the fact. D.D. came by with a Real Estate Agent and rented the adjoining apartment. I saw them as they came out of the place. In a few days they, D.D. and Molly, his wife, moved in. He put up a big sign in front of his place, reading, "Old Dad Chiro, Discoverer and Developer of Chiropractic. D.D. Palmer." It was in this way I was introduced to him and his eccentricities. THE YEAR THAT WAS 1911 PETERS
CJA March 2012