by clicking the arrows at the side of the page, or by using the toolbar.
by clicking anywhere on the page.
by dragging the page around when zoomed in.
by clicking anywhere on the page when zoomed in.
web sites or send emails by clicking on hyperlinks.
Email this page to a friend
Search this issue
Index - jump to page or section
Archive - view past issues
Chiropractic Journal of Australia : December 2011
140 Chiropractic Journal of Australia Volume 41 Number 4 December 2011 Prologue The year 2011 was a year of major events. Who in Australia can forget the foods that devastated Queensland and parts of Victoria, or the horrendous earthquake that destroyed the CBD of Christchurch, and the devastation in Japan following the earthquake, tsunami and nuclear problems where The Japanese National Police Agency has confrmed 14,755 deaths, 5,279 injured and 10,706 people missing.1 In late October a huge eathquake hit eastern Turkey with an estimated 1000 killed. Volcanic eruptions occurred at Mt Aetna, in Iceland where it interrupted air-travel in the UK and in Chile stopping most fights in Australia, affecting thousands of passengers stranded world wide. Popular uprising took place in the Arab world and a major famine hit Somalia. However, this paper is not about 2011 but about 1911. THE WORLD IN 1911 DISASTERS Earth Quakes The 1911 Kebin earthquake or 1911 Chon-Kemin earthquake, struck Russian Turkestan on January 3. Registered at a 7.7 magnitude, it destroyed more than 770 buildings in Almaty, Kazakhstan, and resulted in extensive 201 km surface faulting in the valleys of Chon-Kemin, Chilik and Chon-Aksu. Most of the region's inhabitants lived in yurts, which are relatively resistant to earthquakes and unlikely to cause deaths even if they do collapse. The greatest damage and most of the casualties resulted from landslides triggered by the earthquake, with 452 people killed and another 740 people injured. 1,094 houses and 4,545 yurts were destroyed by the earthquake and the resulting landslides.2 Famine Famine reduced 30 million Russians to starvation. Nearly one-fourth of the peasantry was affected, but 13.7 million tons of Russian grain, mostly wheat, were shipped abroad.3 A Century of Family Connections: The Year that was 1911 ROLF E. PETERS Rolf E. Peters, DC, MCSc, FICC, FACC, FPAC Private Practice of Chiropractic Wagga Wagga NSW 2650 Abstract: As in previous years this paper documents some of the happenings of the year 1911: the loss of lives in earthquakes, fres, foods, volcanic eruptions, mining and maritime disasters as well as events in commerce, communication, education, human rights, politics and most important---happenings within the chiropractic profession. INDEX TERMS: MeSH: CHIROPRACTIC; HISTORY OF MEDICINE, 20TH CENTURY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE. Chiropr J Aust 2011; 41: 140-52. Fires The Triangle shirtwaist factory on the top three foors of New York's 10-story Asch Building at Washington Place and Greene Street had a four-alarm fre on March 25 that killed 141 people, 125 of them Italian and Jewish seamstresses aged 13 to 23, who were unable to escape. Some 500 women and 50 men were employed in the factory, working from 7:30 in the morning until 6 at night, mostly for $6 to $8 per week, under conditions so crowded that their chairs were dovetailed. Factory owners Max Blanck and Isaac Harris had locked all exits to the roof lest employees steal the shirtwaists, take them to the roof, and drop them to accomplices in the street below. Oil-soaked rags and lint were ankle deep on the foor beneath each sewing machine, and someone had apparently lit a cigarette and carelessly thrown the match, still burning, onto the foor, which burst into fames. Although the factory was far more modern than many of the city's sweatshops, there was no sprinkler system, a fre escape collapsed, fre-truck extension ladders reached only to the sixth foor, water from fre-hoses reached only to the seventh foor, and screaming young girls leapt or fell from the loft building, some of them holding hands, to escape the fames. Their bodies were buried in a common grave at Mount Zion Cemetery in Maspeth, Queens, and the tragedy brought new demands for better working conditions: a protest meeting at the Metropolitan Opera House in early April brought shouts of "Down with the capitalist legislature!" and the like. Settlement-house worker Henry Moskowitz introduced a resolution calling on the legislature to make a thorough investigation of safety conditions and pass tough new laws.4 A fre started in the Albany (NY) State Assembly Library on 29 March1911 and quickly spread down the hall to the nearby New York State Library, fnding plenty of fuel among towering shelves jammed with books and cabinets flled with hundreds of thousands of documents, many of them centuries old. It took several days before frefghters fnally doused the last embers of the state Capitol fre. Meanwhile, one man was dead and an untold wealth of New York's history and heritage --- from Dutch colonial records to priceless Iroquois artifacts — had gone up in fames. The disaster, according to the man who served as the State Library's director before and after the fre, was unequaled in the history of modern libraries. The fre was estimated to have destroyed about 500,000 books and 300,000 manuscripts; only 7,000 books
CJA March 2012