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Chiropractic Journal of Australia : December 2011
128 Chiropractic Journal of Australia Volume 41 Number 4 December 2011 and still express reservations as to its effcacy. One assumes that as it once was with 'human' chiropractic, the clinical results with animals are suffcient to elicit patient health, comfort, and owner satisfaction. METHOD This paper originated as a result of requests from patients asking doctors of chiropractic to check the spines of pets as a result of aberrant behaviour, visceral symptoms, or physical diffculty suffered by their pet. A major contribution to this paper's preparation was brought about by the appeal for anecdotal reports concerning animal adjustments through an informal newsletter service. The response was remarkable. Further material was gleaned from internet searches of The Index to Chiropractic Literature, PubMed and Google, as well as requests to particular chiropractors who were known to be involved with the adjustment of animals. REVIEW In researching this topic however, the earliest association of chiropractic care with animals we located was reported by Palmer in 18996 the year following Palmer's foundation of chiropractic. One section of Beatty's 1939 text deals with "Adjusting Dumb Animals and Fowl." He describes adjusting small animals such as dogs and cats, but also "horses, sheep, cattle and large hogs" He then states that "fowl may be adjusted ..."7 Anecdotally, there is a remarkable range of animals that have been reported as undergoing spinal adjustments.8 Obviously some would need to be adjusted under anaesthetic (MUA). Others were adjusted manually, and others with implements such as a pleximeter, or an impulse instrument such as an Activator. As well as the usual domestic animals, the variety of vertebrates also includes some of the more exotic species, such as: Badger9 Bear -- Brown,9 Grizzly10,11 Birds9,12 -- Budgerigar,13 Galah,* Magpie,14 Parakeet,9,15,16 Pigeon,** Poultry:7 Hens,7 'Chickens',17Rooster18 Bovines -- Buffalo,9 Bull,19,20 Cattle,7,12 Cow,10 calf,21. Camelids -- Alpacas,# Camel,13 Llamas9,10,21 Deer22 Ferret13,21 Goats12,21,19 Great Dane## Horses9,10,12,13 -- Arabian,22 Draft,15 Pacers,19 Shetland Ponies,17,22 Trotters,19 Donkeys,21 Mules21 Koala13 Kangaroo,^13, 23 Wallabies13 Lion10,24 Mountain Lion 9 Pigs/Swine12,21 Primates -- Orangutan,25 Siamang Gibbon13 Rabbits9,21 Reptiles12 -- Lizards,^^10 Snakes13,21,26 Rodents -- Chinchillas,27 Guinea Pig,21,28 Rats,< Squirrel (baby)22 Shark<< Sheep7,22 (*Vagg K. Personal communication. 1st July 2011. **Robb P. Personal communication. 21st June 2011. #Stephenson R. Personal communication. 21st June 2011 ##Pyrah E. Personal communication. 7th July 2011 ^O'Dwyer P. Personal communication. June 22nd 2011 ^^Condon M. Personal communication. 2011, Aug 8th. <Anderson-Peacock L. Personal communication. 24th June 2011 <<Vagg K. Personal communication. 1st July 2011) In a remarkable incident, video footage of the birth of an elephant calf at the Elephant Safari Park in Indonesia, showed the full birth of an apparently stillborn female calf. The mother tried to revive the calf frst by ‘gently’ kicking it. The mother followed this instinctively, by grasping the calf's head in her trunk, and deftly delivering what appeared to be a general neck manipulation. The calf immediately began to breathe, then roused itself, and stood. While one cannot say conclusively that the mother 'manipulated' the calf's neck, the footage does seem convincing, especially with its apparent successful revival.29 In a further elephant anecdotal report, it has been noted that a Californian chiropractor, Dr Michael Gleason, has not only adjusted the vertebrae of a 58-year-old elephant, but he has also adjusted a Bengal tiger, amongst many other species.30 In another non-manipulative incident, at the Melbourne aquarium, a 10-year-old seven-gill shark was successfully treated by needling trigger points in the tight muscles along one side of its spine. It had been rescued and found to swim in tight circles only to the right. It reportedly swam normally following the needling.31 DISCUSSION Development of the Veterinary-Chiropractic Profession A veterinarian who practised animal manipulation for many years was Dr Alex Hauler of Melbourne, Australia. Dr Hauler was driven to help establish the Chiropractic Veterinarian course at RMIT University in 1999. His reputation, particularly in the feld of manipulative management of greyhound performance, was rewarded with numerous accolades of appreciation.32,33 These were notably in the form of photographs of winners on his reception room wall. While there appears to be a dearth of published research papers on veterinary chiropractic, there have been four masters graduates from the program, and one PhD candidate ANIMAL PATIENTS IN CHIROPRACTIC ROME • McKIBBIN
CJA March 2012