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Chiropractic Journal of Australia : December 2011
Chiropractic Journal of Australia Volume 41 Number 4 December 2011 125 Conference was held in Rio de Janeiro. Dr Haavik also won a similar award in 2009. On the other side of the Asia/Pacifc region, the author is reliably informed that a projected private chiropractic programme in Taiwan has not yet eventuated. Presumably WFC will continue to battle strong opposition to the emergence of a chiropractic programme dedicated to serve the public and the profession in and beyond that important area. But even before the comprehensive government reports of the 1977 Australian Committee of Enquiry into Chiropractic, Osteopathy, Homoeopathy and Naturopathy (known as the Webb Report)22 and the 1979 New Zealand Commission of Enquiry into Chiropractic,23 both of which had profound implications within the Australian healthcare scene, there had been studies into chiropractic procedures, benefts, risks and comparative outcomes in both Australia and other countries around the world. Such studies, dominantly on back pain, neck pains, and headaches include, for example, Hodkin's 1964 nerve impulse conduction study,24 and Fischera and Celander's 1969 spinal manipulative effect on autonomic tone.25 Occasionally such studies included "type O" conditions such as Hitchcock's 1976 manipulative approach to dysmenorrhea.26 In addition, the 1961 Honorary Royal Commission to enquire into provisions of the Western Australia Natural Therapists Bill,27 even at that early date, also embarked on some studies of its own. Published anecdotal evidence of studies were plentiful at that time according to the 1977 Webb Report, but none of these, Edwin Webb asserted, arose from properly controlled experiments or from statistical analysis of large samples. Consequently the Webb committee too, set up varied studies of its own in Brisbane and NSW that included a Sydney migraine study, and trials of therapeutic effcacy. Since its inception in 1895 in the United States, chiropractic has emerged as the third largest healthcare profession in the US. Over the last thirty years it has reached this status driven by increasing research, the cost of which represents an infnitesimal fraction of that applied to medicine and pharmaceutical research. In Australia, the July 2-3 2011 Weekend Australian Magazine published an article by Richard Guilliatt entitled "The Chiro Kids" controversially reporting on "parents bypassing the GP and taking their kids to chiropractors for everything from refux to autism.” Noted also in the article was the fact that "Chiropractors have long ranked as the most popular alternative-health practitioners -- there are more than 4,000 of them across Australia." Historically placed in the category of "alternative and complementary medicine," chiropractic today is challenging mainstream medicine at home and abroad as a viable alternative to the approach of medically invasive healthcare services of drugs and surgery.28 Dr McDowall's currently recommended new period -- "The Validation Period (2010 --)" -- suggested to be added to the already fve discrete periods in the historical development of chiropractic in Australia, cannot but be seriously considered and accepted. The very name itself implies close and sustained general and scientifc scrutiny. Whatever new discoveries might result from the full glare of close analysis of chiropractic in validation from whatever source, can only enhance professional standing by influencing its practitioners' methodology into the future in which the general public stand to be the major benefciaries. Politics aside therefore, it will also win widespread support in all felds of scientifc endeavour and from diverse people in all walks of life. Today's growing acceptance of chiropractic as a valid and major healthcare profession goes far beyond the long standing and consistent benefts of clinical evidence on which for the most part throughout the world, its very being still tends to rest. REFERENCES 1. Bolton SP. "Roots, Branches and Beyond -- An Australian Heritage Classifed”: J Aust Chiropractors Assoc 1988; 18: 3–8. 2. Bolton SP. Getting on top 'Down Under': Australian chiropractic history revisited. Chiropractic History: Vol 25, No 2; 2005, 38-43. 3. Peters RE. Chance MA. "Chiropractic in Australia" In Chiropractic -- An Illustrated History: Mosby 1995; pp 476-81. 4. Hunt GR. Australia’s frst lady of chiropractic: there is more to the story. Chiropr J Aust 1977; 27; 42-50. 5. Hunt GR. Adjusting the record: revealing more of the story! Chiropr J Aust 2005; 35: 93-100. 6. Peters RE Chiropractors in Australia 1905-1945 and the Palmer School infuence. Thesis, RMIT University 2004: 20-111. 7. Bryce M Ed. Pictorial History of the School of Chiropractic now at Phillip Institute of Technology. Chiropractic Alumni Assoc 1987; 55-141. 8. Bolton SP. A retrospective view of historical periods in Australian chiropractic history. Chiropr J Aust 2006; 36: 9-16. 9. Bolton SP. Historical Note: Integration of chiropractic into public health care services. Chiropr J Aust 2010; 40: 126-9. 10. Bolton SP. Infuences on Queensland chiropractic history: chiropractic mainstream versus medical dominance. Chiropr J Aust 1992; 22: 15- 26. 11. World Federation of Chiropractic. Chiropractors threatened in South Korea. The Australian Chiropractor Aug, 2011: 19. 12. Baume, P. Non-medical care. In: Baume P editor. The tasks of medicine: an ideology of care. Sydney: Maclennan & Penny, 188:37. 13. Bolton SP. New national registration and accreditation scheme for health professionals: report on frst consultation paper. Chiropr J Aust 2009; 39: 75-9. 14. Bolton SP. National Registration and accreditation scheme for chiropractors. Chiropr J Aust 2010; 40: 45-8. 15. Singh S, Ernst E. Trick or Treatment? Alternative medicine on trial. London: Random House. 2009. 16. Colquhoun D. Science degrees without the science. Nature 2007; 446: 373-4. 17. Bolton SP. Historical note: Integration of chiropractic into public healthcare services. Chiropr J Aust 2010; 40: 126-9. 18. Bolton SP. Chiropractic education in Australia: A short history of its emergence and development. Chiropr J Aust 2010; 40: 88-90. HISTORICAL NOTE BOLTON
CJA March 2012