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Chiropractic Journal of Australia : December 2011
124 Chiropractic Journal of Australia Volume 41 Number 4 December 2011 "The idea of the chiropractic subluxation sets the chiropractor apart from the osteopath or other manipulative therapists." 12 In suggesting a new historical "Validation Period, " McDowall asserts in his correspondence that "it is time to close the functional integration period with national registration as being the fnal step in that period.” Since national registration and regulation of chiropractors was established in 2010, a new "Validation Period" would now effectively create six overall classifcation periods through which the chiropractic profession in Australia has developed and continues to develop. From July 2010, a Commonwealth government law enacted by each State and Territory -- the Health Practitioner Regulation National Law 2009 -- assumed registration and regulation of all Australian chiropractors, thereby replacing the registration of chiropractors under a conglomerate of differing State laws relating, up to that time, almost exclusively to chiropractors.13 Thus eight separate State healthcare registration and regulatory Boards, with greater overall member numbers; State and Territory replications of bureaucratic administrators and thus higher costs, were reduced to one national Board for chiropractors through omnibus healthcare legislation. Now the Chiropractic Board of Australia, a nine-member Board, consists of a majority of chiropractors, together with consumer representatives of the general public.14 Interstate commonality, simplicity of administration and signifcantly reduced costs are the major benefts of national healthcare legislation. McDowall, in his written communication, then goes on to identify four basic areas of comment within his suggested "Validation Period (2010 -)." 1. Critical reviews for "proof" of chiropractic theory and practice already begun by such as Singh & Ernst,15 Professor David Colquhoun16 in Great Britain, and more positive reviews elsewhere. 2. Active PhD level research into organic conditions (type "O") in contrast to former limited research into back and spinal conditions compared to other spinal healthcare treatment. 3. Funding applications available to suitable chiropractors for government sponsored clinical research projects. 4. Morphing health insurance/government policy to national registration boards across all healthcare professions. It should be noted that in 2010, integration of chiropractic into Australia's public healthcare system has been questioned, while at the same time a detailed history of integration of the productive private healthcare sector within the "Functional Integration Period" has also been recorded.17 Probably one of the most important achievements of the "Functional Integration Period" was absorption into the Australian university system of undergraduate chiropractic programmes. For a long time the chiropractic profession has pursued introduction or absorption of chiropractic undergraduate and graduate education at tertiary levels of education within a university as a desirable goal. Such a goal was not seen as a matter of status, but as a method of taking dogmatism out of early chiropractic education and into the full light of sound academically reasoned scrutiny. This educational goal within universities in Australia frst commenced at Sydney's Macquarie University, followed by the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology University, and Perth's Murdoch University.18 By the end of the "Functional Integration Period" there were 3 chiropractic undergraduate programmes within the Australian university system. It is noteworthy that absorption of chiropractic education into the university system in Australia was the frst time this occurred anywhere in the world.19 Now, a further programme is to be inaugurated at the Central Queensland University, Mackay campus commencing in 2012.20,21 This brings to at least 4 Australian States where chiropractic undergraduate programmes are currently available. South Australia and Tasmania remain the only States without such programmes. In addition, the Australian Institute of Higher Education P/L based in Sydney, is considering either a full course in chiropractic to supplement its recently developed nursing programme, or a specialised course in chiropractic spinography and spinal analysis, as an initial step to a later full chiropractic programme. The Australian Institute of Higher Education is a private specialty educational organization that provides courses for multilingual and multicultural immigrants in and to Australia. It is the frst private educational body in Australia to embark on chiropractic studies. The head of the Institute is Massoud (Mathew) Nasrabadi. This will mean two chiropractic programmes in the State of NSW and fve throughout Australia. Given the division of rights and responsibilities under Australia's Federal/State Constitutional structure, wherein education is principally a State responsibility, a 1997 published paper prognosticated that "additional chiropractic programmes should be planned and initiated to produce at least three by the year 2000 and six overall by 2010." 18 In addition, across the Tasman, is the New Zealand College of Chiropractic (NZCC) with Dr Eric Russell its current President. It was formed in 1994 by the NZ Chiropractors Association and is located on Harrison Rd., Mount Wellington, Auckland City. Its address is PO Box 113-044 Newmarket, Auckland New Zealand. The College is reported to bring together Australasia's biggest gathering of chiropractors and friends at its annual Lyceum held over three days in Auckland. Dr Heidi Haavik, Director of Research at the NZCC, won the 2011 WFC Pacifc Region Research poster award for a paper entitled "An approach using Fast Rate Stimulation to investigate changes in Cerebellar Processing." That HISTORICAL NOTE BOLTON
CJA March 2012